In the old days, (very old, before 713 BCE), the Romans had ten months in their calendar – ten months in their year of 304 days. The year began on March 1 and ended December 31. The 62 or 63 days in-between were just “Winter” and were not considered “in” any designated month. This is why the names of our months today, in English, from the Latin, seem
January and February were the final additions to the Roman calendar, giving the winter days months to belong to, by the decree of Numa Pompilius around 713 BCE.
The Roman god of doors, Janus, was the namesake for January. Other names for the month have been “Wulf-
Februum, Latin for
Beginning with the establishment of the Julian calendar in 45 BCE, the length of February was set at 28 days in common years, 29 days every four years, called a Leap Year. This was changed to exempt century years not divisible by 4 when our current calendar, the Gregorian, became the standard, in 1582 A.D.
In the Middle Ages, (1100 to 1453), the new year began, and the calendar year changed, at different times of the year in Europe. March 25 (or the actual vernal equinox) was a common start of the year.
Beginning in the